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Creating Colour Palettes

Consistently formulating appealing colour combinations requires a deep understanding of colour theory as well as colour harmonies. The most basic harmonies are covered in upcoming articles, but you can find additional details with a bit of research. Colour harmonies are a fail-proof way to begin developing your own signature colour palettes. First, you need to understand the difference between a hue, tint, shade, and tone, as explained below.

Useful Colour Terms

A colour is a colour, right? Well, it’s not quite that simple when you venture into the realm of mixing colours, creating complex palettes, or understanding why certain colours coordinate better than others. The following terms are helpful in understanding the difference between various colours.


Colours in their most pure form, without any lightness or darkness added. Example pictured: Qualatex Dark Blue


A hue mixed with white, making it lighter. Example pictured: Qualatex Pale Blue


A hue mixed with black, making it darker. Example pictured: Qualatex Navy


A hue mixed with white and black (or gray), making it less vibrant. Example pictured: Qualatex Custom Double-stuff Colour “Meditation Mist”

Colour Harmonies

When designing a bouquet or decor, the goal is to create colour harmony. The four most basic colour harmonies, taught in the Qualatex Balloon Network curriculum, are monochromatic, analogous, complementary, and triadic. Having a good understanding of these harmonies will set you on the path for creating eye-catching designs. Read through the following four articles to better understand the characteristics and benefits of each individual colour harmony.